Afkar Awad Morgan Mhamad, Aya Siraj Alnoor Khalifa Abdalla, Mihad Ohammid Kuku Gambi, Lossiba Kafallah Fakam Arsal, Tebyan Atefee Habib Abdalsaky and Yousraa Eltaib Ishag Yagoub
Background: Nutrition is essential element. For life. Result of. review showed that nutrition. Has remarkable effects on brain function, so. Protein, iron, iodine, and the consumption of breakfast meal. Have impact on a child’s learning capability and behavior. Healthy eating habits should be established in. early childhood and maintained. Throughout adolescence stage. To attain. Good academic performance and to. Prevent diet-related chronic diseases as obesity and. diabetes mellitus.
Objective: To study healthy dietary habits among Sudanese primary and intermediate. school children. In Algadid Althawra at. Algazeira state, and indentify the mostly consumed types of food and factors affect dietary habits.
Method and Analysis: Descriptive cross-sectional study of. 235 sample size was conducted in: Moaz-lbn Jabal and Al-shaheed Hamza schools for male Al-gadid Althowra in Al-Gazeira state in Sudan. The data was collected randomly from the students by using structured-interview questionnaire and analyzed by SPSS (Statistical package for the social science) system.
Result: Family size and number of children were found to influence the dietary pattern in the
school-aged children, most fathers were free workers. About (50.2%) eat meals 3 times per day, (28.1%) tow times, (19.6%) more than three times and (2.1%) once per day. Lunch is the main meal per day in about (58.3%), dinner (35.3%) and breakfast in (6.4%). Lunch consist mainly of carbohydrate in (44.3) of them. About (45.1%) were prefer all types of food, (30.6%) carbohydrate. (16.2%) lipids and (8.1%) proteins. Nearly (78.3%) eat snacks during the day, Indome is the most consumed one about (58.2%) followed by chocolates and sweats (21.2%).
Recommendation: Considering the results of this study it is suggested for public health and government torise awareness of the parent's especially mothers. Prepare balance food. And healthy diet contents and promoting provision of healthy diet at school
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